Father and daughter outside in the sunlight

Embracing the Summer Solstice: A Montessori Journey of Discovery for Babies and Toddlers

As the warmth of summer envelops us, it's the perfect time to engage our little ones in the wonders of the natural world. The Summer Solstice, the longest day of the year, marks a significant celestial event that offers an excellent opportunity to introduce toddlers to science, nature, and culture. In this blog post, we will explore how to teach toddlers about the Summer Solstice, discover engaging activities to celebrate this special day, and delve into STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) activities for further exploration and learning. Let's embark on a Montessori-inspired journey of discovery with our little ones!



Understanding the Summer Solstice

The Summer Solstice occurs around June 21st in the Northern Hemisphere when the Earth tilts on its axis, resulting in the longest day and shortest night of the year. It is a celebration of sunlight, nature, and the changing seasons. While toddlers may not grasp the concept of celestial movements, they can absorb the beauty and wonder of this natural phenomenon through simple and engaging activities.

  1. Observe the changing daylight: Encourage your toddler to notice the gradual lengthening of daylight as summer approaches. Observe the sunrise and sunset together, discussing the changing times throughout the season.
  2. Explore shadows: Utilize sunlight to explore shadows during the summer months. Go on shadow walks and encourage your toddler to notice how their shadow changes in length and direction throughout the day. This helps them understand the movement of the sun.
  3. Read books about the sun and seasons: Choose age-appropriate books that introduce concepts of the sun, seasons, and the Summer Solstice. Encourage discussions and answer any questions they may have.

Baby outside in a tent in the sunshine

Celebrating the Summer Solstice


Engaging in hands-on activities enables toddlers to deepen their understanding of the Summer Solstice while developing their fine and gross motor skills, creativity, and appreciation for nature. Here are some delightful activities to celebrate this special day:

  1. Nature scavenger hunt: Create a checklist of natural items for your toddler to find, such as flowers, leaves, or stones. Explore your backyard or visit a local park, allowing your child to connect with nature and appreciate its beauty.
  2. Sun-inspired art: Set up an art station with yellow and orange paints, brushes, and large sheets of paper. Encourage your toddler to create sun-inspired artwork using their imagination. This activity promotes self-expression and creativity.
  3. Dancing with ribbons: Attach long ribbons to sticks or dowels and head outdoors. Encourage your toddler to wave the ribbons in the air, mimicking the movement of the sun's rays. This joyful activity combines gross motor skills with a sensory experience.
  4. Ice pops and sunshine treats: Prepare healthy and refreshing ice pops with your toddler using fresh fruit and natural juices. Discuss how the sun's warmth helps freeze the ice pops. Enjoy these tasty treats as you bask in the summer sun.

Toddler outside in the summer

STEM Activities for Summer Solstice Exploration

1. DIY Sundial

This activity introduces your toddler to the concept of telling time using the sun's position. To create a simple sundial, you'll need a paper plate, a pencil, and a rock. Set up the sundial by placing the paper plate outside in a sunny spot. Position the rock in the center of the plate as the gnomon, making sure it casts a shadow on the plate. Throughout the day, observe and discuss how the shadow moves, marking the passage of time. Talk about how shadows change in length and direction as the sun moves across the sky. This activity encourages observation skills, understanding of time, and the relationship between the sun's position and shadow formation.

Mother and child running in a field

2. Solar Oven Cooking

This activity demonstrates how solar energy can be harnessed for cooking. Set up a solar oven using a cardboard box, aluminum foil, and plastic wrap. Line the inside of the box with aluminum foil, leaving a small opening for the pot of s'mores ingredients. Cover the box with plastic wrap to create a greenhouse effect. Place the solar oven in direct sunlight and position the pot of s'mores ingredients inside. Observe the progress as the sun's heat melts the chocolate and marshmallows, creating a delicious treat. While enjoying the s'mores, discuss the concept of harnessing solar energy for cooking and other purposes. This activity provides a hands-on experience with solar power, encourages scientific curiosity, and introduces the concept of renewable energy.


Mother and So Playing with Shapes on Pegs

3. Found Nature Creations

Collect natural materials such as sticks, leaves, and rocks from the environment. Encourage your toddler to use these materials to construct simple structures like forts or bridges. They can arrange sticks to form walls, use leaves as a roof, or stack rocks to create a sturdy base. This activity promotes engineering skills, problem-solving, and creativity. As your child builds, discuss the different properties of the natural materials, such as the strength of sticks or the stability of rocks. Encourage them to experiment with different designs and see how their structures hold up. This activity connects your toddler with nature, encourages imaginative play, and fosters an understanding of basic engineering principles.

Toddler creating with nature
Source: Run Wild My Child

4. Water Exploration

Set up a water table or a large basin outdoors and provide various objects such as measuring cups, funnels, and containers. Encourage your toddler to experiment with water flow, pouring, and mixing. Discuss how the sun's heat affects the water's temperature and observe evaporation in action. You can even add ice cubes to observe the melting process. This activity allows your child to explore the properties of water, develop fine motor skills, and engage in sensory play. They can observe how water moves and changes state, learning about basic scientific concepts in a playful way.

5. Planting and Gardening

Engage your toddler in planting seeds or caring for potted plants. Discuss how sunlight is essential for plants to grow and thrive. Show them how to prepare the soil, plant seeds, and water the plants. Over time, observe the changes in the plants, such as sprouting, leaf growth, and flowering. Encourage your child to take responsibility for their care, including watering and removing weeds. This activity teaches your toddler about the life cycle of plants, responsibility, and the importance of sunlight in the process of photosynthesis. It also provides an opportunity for them to connect with nature and develop a sense of appreciation for the environment.



The Summer Solstice provides a magical opportunity to introduce babies and toddlers to the wonders of the natural world and nurture their curiosity through Montessori-inspired activities. By engaging in activities that explore the concepts of the Summer Solstice, celebrating nature, and delving into STEM exploration, we can foster a love for learning and an appreciation for the changing seasons. Embrace this special time of the year with your little one and watch them embark on a journey of discovery, wonder, and growth. Let the warmth of the sun and the joy of exploration guide you on this Montessori-inspired adventure!



Kids playing in a pond
Source: Kids in the house​​

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