Mother and daughter playing the harmonica

Celebrating Juneteenth: Teaching Young Children About Freedom and Equality

In today's diverse and ever-changing world, it is crucial for parents to cultivate inclusivity and empathy in their children right from the start. One way to achieve this is by introducing them to important historical events that have shaped our society. Juneteenth, also known as Freedom Day or Emancipation Day, is a significant moment in American history that marks the emancipation of enslaved African Americans. In this blog post, we will explore how we can explain Juneteenth to young children and provide five ideas to celebrate it respectfully within the Montessori framework.



What is Juneteenth?



Juneteenth is a commemoration of June 19, 1865, when Union General Gordon Granger arrived in Galveston, Texas, and proclaimed freedom for all slaves in accordance with the Emancipation Proclamation. It is important to emphasize that this date came two and a half years after President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which declared that all slaves in Confederate territory were to be set free.



Toddler with Adult playing on the floor

Talking About Juneteenth with Young Children


Simplify the Concept: When explaining Juneteenth to young children, it is crucial to use age-appropriate language and concepts. Start by highlighting the importance of freedom and equality. You can say something like, "Juneteenth is a special day when we celebrate that all people should be treated fairly and have the same rights."


Storytelling: Storytelling is an effective way to engage young children and help them grasp complex historical events. Choose children's books that explain Juneteenth in a simple and engaging manner. Some recommended titles include "All Different Now: Juneteenth, the First Day of Freedom" by Angela Johnson and "Juneteenth for Mazie" by Floyd Cooper.


Visual Aids and Crafts: Children learn best through hands-on experiences. Use visual aids such as maps and illustrations to help them understand the geographical and historical context of Juneteenth. Engage them in age-appropriate crafts, like creating a freedom flag using construction paper, markers, and colored pencils.


Community Involvement: Teach children about the importance of community and how people come together to celebrate Juneteenth. Attend local Juneteenth events or organize your own gathering with friends and neighbors. Engage in activities like parades, picnics, and performances that celebrate Black culture and history. Encourage children to interact with others and ask questions, promoting a sense of curiosity and respect for different cultures.



Toddler and father playing together

Five Ideas to Celebrate Juneteenth Respectfully

1. Create a Story Circle

Gather young children in a circle and choose age-appropriate books that highlight themes of freedom, equality, and resilience. Select books that tell the stories of African American heroes, such as Harriet Tubman, Rosa Parks, or Martin Luther King Jr. Read the stories aloud, pausing at key moments to discuss the characters' experiences and emotions. Encourage children to share their thoughts, feelings, and ideas about the stories. Ask open-ended questions like, "Why do you think freedom is important?" or "How can we stand up for equality?" This activity promotes empathy, critical thinking, and understanding of historical struggles.


Toddler brushing her teeth in the Self Care Station mirror

2. Community Service

Introduce the concept of service and empathy by engaging in community service activities that align with the spirit of Juneteenth. Research local organizations that support social justice causes or work to improve the lives of underserved communities. Discuss the importance of helping others and how it relates to the idea of freedom and equality. For example, organize a toy or book drive and explain to children that these donations can bring joy and educational opportunities to children who may not have access to them. Involve children in the process, such as creating posters or flyers to promote the drive, sorting and organizing the donated items, and delivering them to the chosen organization. This hands-on experience teaches children the value of giving back and making a positive impact in their community.

Mother and So Playing with Shapes on Pegs

3. Cultural Exploration

Take the opportunity to explore the rich history and culture of African Americans with young children. Introduce them to traditional music, dance, and art forms that have influenced and shaped African American culture. Play music from different genres such as jazz, blues, or gospel and explain their significance. Teach children simple dance steps from African American dance styles like the Charleston or the Electric Slide. Additionally, showcase artwork created by famous African American artists like Jacob Lawrence, Faith Ringgold, or Romare Bearden. Encourage children to create their own artwork inspired by these artists, using vibrant colors and patterns. This activity fosters appreciation, respect, and awareness of the contributions African Americans have made to art and culture.


Mom and toddler playing together

4. Freedom Quilt

Engage children in a creative and educational activity by making a Freedom Quilt. Explain to them that quilts were used during the time of slavery to communicate secret messages and guide enslaved individuals to freedom through the Underground Railroad. Provide children with fabric markers or colored fabric squares and encourage them to draw or write symbols of freedom, equality, and resilience on the fabric. Discuss the meaning of each symbol and how they relate to Juneteenth. Once everyone has completed their squares, assemble them into a quilt by sewing or tying the pieces together. Display the quilt as a visual representation of Juneteenth's significance and the ongoing struggle for freedom and equality.


5. Traditional Food Exploration

Food is an integral part of any culture, and exploring traditional African American cuisine can be a delightful and educational experience for young children. Research recipes for dishes rich in culture and significance. Involve children in the preparation process by assigning age-appropriate tasks, such as washing vegetables, measuring ingredients, or mixing the batter. While cooking and enjoying the meal together, discuss the significance of these foods in African American culture and their historical context. Talk about how these dishes have been passed down through generations and have become a cherished part of African American culinary traditions. This activity promotes cultural appreciation, culinary skills, and understanding of the cultural significance of food.




Introducing young children to the history and significance of Juneteenth is an important step in nurturing their understanding of freedom, equality, and the rich diversity of our society. By using age-appropriate language, engaging storytelling, hands-on activities, and community involvement, we can instill empathy, respect, and a sense of justice in our children. Celebrating Juneteenth within the Montessori framework allows us to create meaningful learning experiences that promote cultural awareness and inclusivity. As we continue to educate our children about Juneteenth and other historical events, we lay the foundation for a more compassionate and equitable future.

Remember, the key is to approach Juneteenth with sensitivity, authenticity, and respect. By celebrating this significant day, we honor the struggles and achievements of African Americans throughout history while fostering a greater understanding of the values of freedom and equality. Let us take this opportunity to learn, reflect, and grow together as we raise a generation that cherishes diversity and stands against injustice.



Black mother and baby snuggling
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